Why India and Pakistan are fighting in Kashmir and what’s at stake

WORLD NEWS Why India and Pakistan are fighting in Kashmir and what's at stake  https://linewsradio.com/why-india-and-pakistan-are-fighting-in-kashmir-and-whats-at-stake/  http://abcnewsradioonline.com/world-news/

halbergman/iStock(LONDON) — The latest incidents between India and Pakistan in Kashmiri territory — airstrikes carried out by both the Indian and Pakistani Air Forces, and now two downed jets and an Indian pilot in Pakistani custody — are the latest flares in a conflict that goes all the way back to 1947.

After a terrorist attack in Indian territory in Kashmir on Feb. 14 killed 40 security personnel, the India Air Force carried out an airstrike in Pakistan on Feb. 26. They claimed to be targeting the perpetrators, although there were no casualties, according to Pakistan.

In response, Pakistan carried out limited airstrikes of their own on Indian territory a day later. Aerial fighting took place that saw Pakistan shoot down two Indian jets and arrest one of the pilots, whose plane crashed on the Pakistan side of the border.

As the world turns its gaze to the mountainous region on the border between Indian and Pakistan, ABC News spoke to experts and analysts to find out the origins of the conflict and how close the countries actually are to another war.

Origins

India and Pakistan have gone to war three times over the disputed region of Kashmir, most recently in 1971 The origins of conflict lie in the way both countries gained independence from British rule in 1947.

“Pakistan was founded as a homeland for Muslims, making it the world’s first religious nation-state a year before the 1948 establishment of Israel,” Dr Elizabeth Chatterjee, a lecturer in regional and comparative politics at Queen Mary University in London, told ABC News. “Its founders fully expected that Muslim-majority Kashmir would join it. But when armed tribesmen poured over the border, Kashmir’s Hindu ruler hurriedly agreed to join Indian instead.”

Under secular Indian rule, Kashmir became a crucial symbol of unity for India’s first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru.

“He feared that giving back Kashmir would open up the brutal religious wounds of 1947, when the partition of India and Pakistan left more than a million dead,” Chatterjee said.

Besides that geopolitical conflict, another crucial factor is behind the tension: water.

“Nationalism plays a big role, but there is also a resource angle,” historian Daniel Haines, author of “Rivers Divided: Indus Basin Waters in the Making of India and Pakistan,” told ABC News. “Kashmir and India are upstream of Pakistan on all the major rivers that Pakistani people depend on for water. During my research on the topic, I found that Pakistani leaders have often seen India’s control of Kashmir as a major threat.”

Militant groups and nuclear powers

Kashmir is now divided between Indian and Pakistani administered territories. The crucial border between them is known as the “Line of Control.”

This week’s crisis was sparked by a suicide bombing in the Indian-held Kashmir territory of Pulwama, which killed 40 security personnel on 14 February.

The Indian government blames the attack on Jaish-e Mohammad (JeM), a militant group trying to end Indian rule in Kashmir, according to a 2004 report prepared for the United States Congress by think tank CRS. The Indian Foreign Minister has said that Pakistan harbors the organization, which has carried out a number of attacks on Indian territory — though Pakistan denies this.

The exact relationship between the Pakistani government and this organization has been unclear, according to security expert Alexander Sehmer, director of geopolitical intelligence at analytics company Falanx Assynt.

“The Pakistani government outlawed JeM in 2002 under international pressure, but it’s pretty much accepted that elements of Pakistan’s security forces and the [Pakistan Intelligence Agency] ISI have links to militants in the group,” he told ABC News. “Having said that, there isn’t any evidence that Pakistan was involved in the Pulwama attack, although India did claim it could demonstrate that it was.”

Militant groups have long been used by the Pakistani military, according to Chatterjee.

“Sponsoring militants in Kashmir has offered Pakistan’s army a golden strategic opportunity since the 1980s,” she said. “The insurgency keeps a substantial chunk of India’s much larger military tied up on the border … while allowing Pakistan to deny any responsibility.”

Militants may be “sponsored” by Pakistan, but Chatterjee argues that Kashmiri people have grown increasingly frustrated with Indian rule. “It is easy to forget the actual people at the heart of this conflict as the two countries beat their war drums,” she added.

Now, the stakes are higher than ever.

“Both India and Pakistan have been open about their nuclear capabilities since the 1990s,” Amil Khan, associate fellow at Chatham House, told ABC News. “For the past quarter of a century or so, any conflict between them has been a troubling prospect.”

The risk of ‘unintended consequences’

This week’s crisis was the first time the Indian Air Force had entered Pakistani territory since the war of 1971. Security expert Sehmer believes the recent “dogfight” over Kashmir that saw two Indian jets shot down by Pakistan on Wednesday represents the “most substantial military confrontation” between the two since then.

A key factor in how the crisis will unfold will be the roles played by the countries’ respective leaders, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the recently elected Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan.

“Modi is a leader of a populist, right-wing party that is facing an upcoming election,” Amil Khan said. “For a right-wing populist facing an election, there are few more welcome sounds than a bit of saber rattling with a traditional foe.”

Khan told ABC News the military plays a far bigger role when it comes to national security in Pakistan, and they have an effective “monopoly” when it comes to immediate threats from India.

“The risk of serious conflict is entirely dependent on unintended consequences — mutual brinkmanship that gets out of control,” he added.

The hashtag #SayNoToWar has been trending on social media, and President Donald Trump told reporters in Hanoi the U.S. has “been in the middle trying to help [India and Pakistan] both out.”

However, the long-term reasons behind the conflict are likely to remain unresolved, and the events of the past few weeks serve as are a stark reminder of just how quickly the Kashmir conflict can escalate.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Posted On 28 Feb 2019

Idris Elba shows off his manny skills in the first trailer for his new Netflix series ‘Turn Up Charlie’

Entertainment News  Idris Elba shows off his manny skills in the first trailer for his new Netflix series 'Turn Up Charlie' https://linewsradio.com/idris-elba-shows-off-his-manny-skills-in-the-first-trailer-for-his-new-netflix-series-turn-up-charlie/ http://abcnewsradioonline.com/entertainment-news/

 

Nick Wall/Netflix(LOS ANGELES) — Netflix has released the first look for Idris Elba‘s upcoming comedy series Turn Up Charlie.

The eight-episode comedy, also executive-produced by the British actor, stars Elba as Charlie– a struggling DJ and longtime bachelor who reluctantly takes a job as a male nanny in an effort to help his career. Unfortunately for Charlie, his best friend’s daughter happens to be a real problem child.

“A Nanny? You want me to be a nanny,” the party boy asks incredulously of his famous best friend.

Elba’s portrayal of a DJ could be described as art imitating life, as the Emmy-nominated Luther star actually started his career behind the turntables before branching out into film and TV. During his early DJ days, Elba went under the stage names of DJ Big Driis and Big Driis the Londoner, and served as a DJ in various nightclubs.

And he’s not rusty, either: Idris recently served as a deejay for none other than Prince Harry and Meghan Markle at their royal wedding.

Fans will soon be able to see Elba’s real-life DJ skills for themselves, at this year’s Coachella festival in April.

Until then, Elba shows off his amazing talents in Turn Up Charlie, which launches globally on March 15. 

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Posted On 28 Feb 2019

Rome Flynn says “everything … hits the fan” in tonight’s in ‘How to Get Away with Murder’ season finale

Entertainment News  Rome Flynn says "everything ... hits the fan" in tonight's in 'How to Get Away with Murder' season finale https://linewsradio.com/rome-flynn-says-everything-hits-the-fan-in-tonights-in-how-to-get-away-with-murder-season-finale/ http://abcnewsradioonline.com/entertainment-news/

 

ABC/Eric McCandless(NEW YORK) — Ahead of the explosive season five finale of How to Get Away with Murder, Rome Flynn, who plays law student Gabriel Maddox on the ABC drama, is weighing in on what fans might expect tonight.

Flynn says that even as his character searches to find answers on how his father actually died, Gabriel is also “still finding out a lot about himself.” The actor also says that it was during those tense, dramatic scenes where Gabriel confronts Viola Davis’ character Annalise Keating about his father’s death, that he really had to dig deep as an actor.

“I mean, those scenes with her– any scene with her is great,” Flynn tells ABC Radio. “But to be able to kind of go toe-to-toe with her was… It just made me a better actor.”

While it’s likely that fans will get to see more of Gabriel and Annalise’s confrontation, Flynn says it’s unlikely that the everyone’s burning questions will be answered.

“We all kind of know that… we get more questions than answers,” he says. “That’s just kind of how the show is. And I think that’s why people are so drawn to it. I think the suspense factor. They just do so well with that.”

Of course, the former soap star knows exactly what makes a good drama and says tonight will be no different, teasing with a major cliffhanger ahead.

“You really do hang on at the end of every episode,” he says. “[But] I say the last 10 minutes of this show is like the most important. It’s like when everything like hits the fan. Everything happens sort of in the last ten to five minutes.” 

How to Get Away With Murder season five finale airs tonight at 10 p.m. ET on ABC.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Posted On 28 Feb 2019

Pedestrian deaths hit 28-year high as distracted drivers and larger cars hit the roads: Study

nd3000/iStock(NEW YORK) — The number of pedestrian deaths spiked to a 28-year high in 2018 amid an increasing number of larger vehicles and distracted drivers on our nation’s roadways, according to a new projection Thursday from a highway safety group.

The report from the Governor’s Highway Safety Association, a non-profit representing all 50 state highway safety offices, says more than 6,200 pedestrians were likely killed on U.S. roads last year. That would be a 28-year high after that number dipped to about 4,100 in 2009.

Researchers at the safety group are concerned that increasingly distracted drivers are leading to more collisions and larger cars, like SUVs, making them deadlier.

“While advancements in motor vehicle safety and technology have increased survivability for vehicle occupants involved in crashes, pedestrians remain just as susceptible to sustaining serious or fatal injuries when struck by a motor vehicle,” a statement from the group said.

GHSA’s annual “Spotlight on Highway Safety” projects state and national trends in pedestrian traffic deaths, based on preliminary data provided by highway safety offices in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, according to the report.

In addition to inattentive drivers and heavier vehicles, researchers said a recent 4 percent increase in Americans walking to work creates more opportunities for accidents, but 90 percent of the increase in deaths reported since 2009 were nighttime crashes.

“Crossing the street should not be a death sentence,” said report author Richard Retting.

“Critical improvements to road and vehicle design are being made, but take significant time and resources to implement. It is also important to conduct law enforcement and safety education campaigns now to ensure drivers and pedestrians can safely coexist.”

The number of sport utility vehicles involved in these deadly collisions has increased by 50 percent since 2013, according to the report, while the number of non-SUVs increased by 30 percent.

“Although passenger cars still account for the majority of pedestrian deaths, SUVs – which generally cause more severe pedestrian injuries – make up an increasingly large percentage of registered vehicles,” the GHSA statement said.

The report projects pedestrians will account for 16 percent of all traffic deaths in 2018, compared to 12 percent in 2008.

The report says improvements to infrastructure around roads, increased driver education and doubling-down on enforcement could mitigate the increase in deaths while more people take to America’s roads every year.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Trump claims ‘100 percent’ of ISIS caliphate defeated in Syria

WORLD NEWS Trump claims '100 percent' of ISIS caliphate defeated in Syria  https://linewsradio.com/trump-claims-100-percent-of-isis-caliphate-defeated-in-syria/  http://abcnewsradioonline.com/world-news/

btgbtg/iStock(ANCHORAGE, Alaska) — President Donald Trump claimed on Thursday that “100 percent” of the Islamic State caliphate — the self-proclaimed Islamic state in Syria — has been defeated.

Beginning back in December, citing U.S. success in Syria, Trump has ordered most American troops in Syria to withdraw.

The Pentagon would not confirm the president’s assertion about ISIS being defeated, instead referring ABC News back to the White House.

Trump made the announcement while speaking to American troops in Alaska on a refueling stop on his way back from his summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un Hanoi, Vietnam that failed to produce a deal.

“We just took over … you kept hearing 90 percent, 92 percent, the caliphate in Syria. Now it is 100 percent. We just took over 100 percent caliphate. That means the area of the land. We have 100 percent,” Trump said.

“We did that in a much shorter period of time then it was supposed to be,” he said. “It was supposed to take — I will not tell you what a certain general told me. But I went and met a couple of other generals. And they said how long do you think it could take, general? One week, sir. One week? I heard two years. One week, sir. Let us do it the way that we want to do it. I said: General, do it.’ And if so, what happened. We had the whole thing.”

Even as Trump made his comments in Alaska Thursday, the top commander of the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Mazloum Kobani, said that “in around one week we will declare complete victory over IS” referring to the Islamic State.

According to Agence France Presse, the SDF was preparing to launch in coming days what it hopes will be a final offensive to take back the last pocket of the ISIS caliphate.

Earlier this month, in remarks before the 79-member Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS, President Trump said his administration will “very soon” would be able to officially declare that ISIS was 100 percent defeated, at one point saying it could come in 24 hours.

“They’ll be informing us very soon officially that it’s 100 percent,” Trump said in remarks at the State Department, referring to his generals.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Posted On 28 Feb 2019

Report: Bryce Harper reaches $330 million deal with Phillies

Sports News Report: Bryce Harper reaches $330 million deal with Phillies https://linewsradio.com/report-bryce-harper-reaches-330-million-deal-with-phillies/ http://abcnewsradioonline.com/sports-news/

Allen Kee / ESPN Images(NEW YORK) — Free-agent slugger Bryce Harper is reportedly headed to Philadelphia.

Harper has agreed to a 13-year deal with the Phillies for $330 million, league sources tell ESPN. A new record for overall dollars.

The news comes after the former National League MVP met with the Philadelphia Phillies over the weekend.

Sources told ESPN that Harper was interested in a long-term contract. The 26-year-old was said to be looking for a better deal than the 10-year, $300 million contract the Washington Nationals reportedly offered him when the 2018 season came to a close.

Harper spent his entire MLB career with the Nationals. He wrapped up last season with a .249 batting average, 34 home runs and 100 RBIs.

In October, he opted for free agency.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Posted On 28 Feb 2019

After second Trump-Kim summit collapses, the road ahead for the US and North Korea

WORLD NEWS After second Trump-Kim summit collapses, the road ahead for the US and North Korea  https://linewsradio.com/after-second-trump-kim-summit-collapses-the-road-ahead-for-the-us-and-north-korea/  http://abcnewsradioonline.com/world-news/

ANNECORDON/iStock(WASHINGTON) — President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un were not able to come to a formal agreement during their second summit in Hanoi this week.

So what happens next? Experts say it’s likely the U.S. will return to “working-level” talks with North Korean officials, as countries in the region urge a sustained dialogue between the two countries.

During a press conference following the summit on Thursday, Trump told reporters that while he decided not to pursue “some options” that were on the table during talks “it was a very productive two days.”

“But sometimes you have to walk,” Trump said. “And this was just one of those times.”

The president said that the North Korean side “basically…wanted the sanctions lifted in their entirety,” but in a midnight press conference North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho disputed that saying Pyongyang was requesting the removal of about half of the United Nations-imposed sanctions, but not all.

In return, Ri said that North Korea was willing to dismantle its Yongbyon nuclear facility – only one of the sites where the country is capable of producing fissile material, but “the United States insisted that we should take one more step” in addition to Yongbyon.

“Therefore, it became crystal clear that the United States was not ready to accept our proposal,” he added.

Ambassador Robert Gallucci, who negotiated with North Korea in the 1990s for the Clinton administration, thinks a return to discussions between lower-level officials, referred to as “working-level” talks, could work to “bridge this gap” between the two sides.

“Can the gap be closed? Well, we won’t know until we try,” said Gallucci, who is now with the Stimson Center, a nonpartisan international policy think tank.

He said the outcome of the Hanoi summit was “potentially perfect” because the U.S. didn’t make concessions, yet the discussions revealed what North Korea was willing to give up at this time for sanctions relief.

“Yongbyon is clearly on the table, it’s just that the price was too high,” Gallucci said.

“Everyone thought President Trump was going to give away the store, and he didn’t,” said Joel Wit, the director of the North Korea-focused think tank 38 North.

He agreed that working-level talks would be needed to keep making forward progress. But it’s unclear how much those talks could really move the needle.

“Our principled stand will remain invariable, and our proposal will never be changed, even though the United States proposes negotiation again in the future,” Ri said during the press conference in Hanoi.

“I feel that [Chairman Kim] may have lost the will for future dealings,” top North Korean diplomat, Choe Son Hui, told reporters.

One win for Trump? Kim committed to not test missiles and nuclear weapons, the president said. However, this doesn’t mean the regime can’t produce the material necessary for those weapons in the meantime.

“We know exactly what the risks are of them using negotiations to drag out the length of time they have to continue their nuclear, chemical, biological weapons programs and ballistic missiles,” Ambassador John Bolton, Trump’s national security adviser, told CBS News in July after the first summit in Singapore.

Trump has asked South Korean President Moon Jae-in to “perform the role of a mediator” between Washington and Pyongyang, according to a spokesperson for Moon’s office.

In a statement, Moon’s spokesperson called the collapse of this week’s summit “regrettable,” but that Trump and Kim “have made more meaningful progress than at any time prior.”

“We hope that the United States and North Korea will continue to have active dialogues on various levels going forward on the basis of the discussion results from this summit,” the statement read.

Lu Kang, a spokesperson for China’s Foreign Ministry, similarly noted that “dialogue and consultation is the only way out.”

“Therefore, we hope that the DPRK (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) and the United States will continue to maintain dialogue, show sincerity, truly respect and take into account each other’s legitimate concerns, and work together to promote the denuclearization of the peninsula and the establishment of a peace mechanism,” Kang said.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Posted On 28 Feb 2019

Oprah Winfrey to give keynote speech at 10th annual Women in the World Summit

Entertainment News  Oprah Winfrey to give keynote speech at 10th annual Women in the World Summit https://linewsradio.com/oprah-winfrey-to-give-keynote-speech-at-10th-annual-women-in-the-world-summit/ http://abcnewsradioonline.com/entertainment-news/

 

OWN(NEW YORK) — Oprah Winfrey plans to answer a very important question this April: Can women save the world?

On Thursday it was announced that Winfrey has been selected to kick off the 10th Annual Women in the World Summit with the opening night keynote address. The summit, which takes place from April 10-12 at New York’s Lincoln Center, also features an all-star lineup of speakers that include: Stacey Abrams, Brie Larson, Ashley Judd, Jill and Faith Soloway, Cindy McCain, Adwoa Aboah, and Wanda Sykes, among others.

The three-day event will broach a variety topics and live conversations such as fighting misinformation, keeping journalism alive, planet protection, and advancing women leaders.

According to The Hollywood Reporter, the summit is also set to feature a panel on, “comedy in today’s cultural climate” featuring Sykes, Rachel Bloom, Phoebe Robinson, Judy Gold, and Amber Ruffin.

For more information on the 10th annual Women in the World Summit, including how to get tickets, go to the official website.


Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Posted On 28 Feb 2019

With tonight’s episode, ‘Grey’s Anatomy’ becomes longest-running medical drama in TV history

Entertainment News  With tonight’s episode, 'Grey’s Anatomy' becomes longest-running medical drama in TV history https://linewsradio.com/with-tonights-episode-greys-anatomy-becomes-longest-running-medical-drama-in-tv-history/ http://abcnewsradioonline.com/entertainment-news/

 

ABC/Eric McCandless(LOS ANGELES) — Seriously? Seriously. Grey’s Anatomy is about to hit another milestone.

The series airs its 332nd episode tonight, officially making it the longest-running primetime medical drama in history. It surpasses ER to claim the title.

The 15th season episode, titled “We Didn’t Start the Fire,” is directed by Chandra Wilson, who plays Dr. Miranda Bailey on the show. It features Jesse Williams’ Jackson throwing a party to celebrate the successful surgery of his mom Catherine, played by Debbie Allen, but nothing goes as planned.

Meanwhile, Alex Karev, played by Justin Chambers, deals with the surprise return of his mom, Helen.

The record-breaking episode airs tonight at 8 p.m. ET on ABC.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Posted On 28 Feb 2019